Periodontal Gum Diseases Specialist

286 Madison Dental -  - Comprehensive, Cosmetic, and Implant Dentistry

286 Madison Dental

Comprehensive, Cosmetic, and Implant Dentistry located in Midtown, New York, NY

Most men and women pay little attention to their gum tissue until periodontal gum diseases arise, at which point treatment becomes a necessity. The team at 286 Madison Dental in Midtown, Manhattan, offers comprehensive diagnostic and treatment services for periodontal disease and can help you get your gums back on track to optimal health. Begin today by calling the New York City office or use the online booking tool to set up your appointment.

Periodontal Gum Diseases Q & A

What are periodontal gum diseases?

Periodontal gum diseases are inflammatory conditions affecting your gum tissue. There are two stages of gum disease.


The earliest stage of gum disease, it occurs when your gums become irritated, swollen, and red. You might notice blood when you brush your teeth and rinse your mouth, and brushing can be uncomfortable.


This advanced form of gum disease occurs when your gums become so inflamed that the connection between tooth and gum weakens. This can lead to bone loss and, subsequently, lost teeth. 

Gum disease can progress gradually or rapidly. Knowing what to look for can help you know when to seek professional treatment at 286 Madison Dental. 

How do I know if I have periodontal disease?

The best way to prevent advanced gum disease is to schedule routine dental exams to check for signs of inflammation. 

Some signs of periodontal gum disease include:

  • Gum sensitivity
  • Changes in the color of gum tissue
  • Pain during chewing
  • Bad breath
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Receding gums
  • New spaces between teeth
  • Changes in your bite

In the advanced stages, loose teeth are also a sign of gum disease.

What causes gum disease?

Gum disease is caused by poor oral hygiene that enables plaque to build-up on the surface of your teeth. Plaque is an invisible sticky film made up of millions of bacteria. The sugars in the food you eat feed that bacteria, causing acid production that wears away your tooth enamel. 

There is no way to stop plaque from forming, but you can protect your teeth by removing plaque during daily brushing and flossing. 

Left in place, plaque will eventually harden into tartar, which creates a hard shield that protects bacteria, and removal is only possible with a professional dental cleaning. 

Plaque and tartar irritate your gums, causing inflammation that can pull your gum tissue away from the surface of your teeth. This creates tiny pockets where bacteria can thrive, exacerbating gum disease. 

How is gum disease treated?

By increasing the frequency of brushing and flossing and trying new hygiene techniques, you can usually reverse gingivitis. Once periodontitis develops, professional treatment at 286 Madison Dental is needed to prevent further damage.

Scaling and root planing 

Scaling is professional tartar and plaque removal using handheld dental instruments, an ultrasonic device, or a laser. Root planing involves smoothing the surfaces of your tooth roots to discourage additional tartar buildup. Antibiotics are sometimes prescribed to control a bacterial infection.   


Advanced periodontitis sometimes requires surgical intervention. Flap surgery allows access to the roots of your teeth for cleaning before securing the gums closer to the tooth surface. Soft tissue grafts bolster your existing gum tissue while bone grafting gives your teeth more structural support. If needed, periodontal reshaping can eliminate pockets and improve gum/tooth adhesion. 

Laser treatments

The team at 286 Madison Dental offers laser gum treatments using state-of-the-art laser platforms. This approach can help improve the health of your gums with less bleeding and swifter recovery times as compared to traditional approaches. 

It’s absolutely critical to treat gum disease. An expansive body of research supports the link between oral health and a wide range of serious health issues. Left untreated, periodontal gum disease increases your risk of heart disease, diabetes, respiratory disease, systemic inflammation, and much more. 

To explore these and other treatments for periodontal gum diseases, call 286 Madison Dental to book an appointment or schedule a visit using the online booking page.