Ridge augmentation procedures are used to treat deformities in the jawbone which have occurred due to periodontal disease, trauma or birth defects. Periodontal disease and especially trauma, can leave an unattractive indentation in the jaw, which makes placing dental implants difficult. During the ridge augmentation procedure, the gum is gently pulled away from the bone to fully expose the defect. The defect is filled with bone graft material or a similar synthetic product and then sutured. When healing occurs, the cosmetic appearance of the jaw is much improved and implants can be successfully placed where necessary.
There are a wide variety of reasons why a bone graft may be necessary. Bone grafting thickens the jawbone to allow for the successful placement of implants. Bone grafts can also help elevate the sinus floor, fill craters or deformities in the jawbone itself. Bone grafts can also enhance the support of natural teeth. The grafting material may be harvested from the patient, but most frequently it can be received from a tissue bank or synthetically created.BACK